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TIC DISORDERS

EXPLAINED

DEFINED BY RECURRENT MULTIPLE MOTOR AND VOCAL TICS, RESULTING IN SIGNIFICANT DISTRESS, OR IMPAIRMENT IN SOCIAL FUCTIONING

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TIC DISORDERS OVERVIEW

Is a developmental condition and cannot be cured

Approximately 8% of children have a Tic Disorder and 300k of adults

Males are five times more likely to have the condition

Many successful people with Tic Disorder including David Beckham and Dr Samuel Johnson

Person will present with vocal and motor tics

Tics may appear purposeful even though they are not

Physical tic examples:

Blinking, eye rolling, grimacing, shoulder shrugging, jerking of the head or other limbs

More physical tic examples:

Jumping, twirling, touching objects and other people

Vocal tic examples:

Grunting, throat clearing, coughing, tongue clicking, animal sounds, saying random words, repeating a sound

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WHAT TO CONSIDER WHEN COMMUNICATING WITH PEOPLE WITH TIC DISORDERS

Don't mistake a shrug or grimace for an answer

Clarify if the noise or movement was purposeful

Always clarify details with the person with a Tic Disorder

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TIC DISORDER PRESENTATION INCLUDES

The person will have multiple motor tics and one or more vocal tics

The tics may increase and decrease in their frequency

Adults in most cases have a diminished presentation to their childhood 

Tics are more pronounced and frequent when a person is anxious, excited or exhausted

When a person is in a calm environment with focused activities, tics improve

Only 10% of those with Tourettes swear, not the majority

Reducing sudden changes and other stress and anxiety will reduce their impact

During high focussed activities the tics may be well managed

It is very tiring to try & control Tics & this may produce 

headaches from intense concentration

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A FEW REASONABLE ADJUSTMENTS FOR PEOPLE WITH TIC DISORDER

A quiet space when working in an office so that they can concentrate and also not disturb 

colleagues

When a plumber visits a client it is advisable to let the client know in advance so they are not concerned by the noises and movements

Drinking from a sealed camping cup will prevent spillage over equipment and potential scalding of themselves or others