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ASD, AUTISM & ASPERGERS EXPLAINED

DEFINED BY DIFFICULTIES IN SOCIAL COMMUNICATION & INTERACTION ACROSS MULTIPLE CONTEXTS

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ASD, AUTISM & ASPERGERS OVERVIEW

ASD = 

Autism

Spectrum

Disorder

Is a developmental condition and cannot be acquired

Not corollated to intelligence. Many very intelligent people have ASD

Autism and Aspergers are old diagnostic labels and from 2013 clinicians now diagnose ASD

1% of UK population of all ages whether diagnosed or not have ASD = 650K people in UK. 

Both male and females have ASD in the same quantity and presentation

There is no cure but there are a number of treatments

Many successful people including Bill Gates, Mozart and Dan Ackroyd

Females are under-diagnosed. 

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WHAT TO CONSIDER WHEN COMMUNICATING WITH PEOPLE WITH ASD, AUTISM & ASPERGERS

The medium depends on the individual so ask them what they prefer

Some ASD people have a literal interpretation of what they say and hear

Avoid the use of idioms and metaphors if they interpret literally

Always clarify expectations

Use a persons name when you are talking so they know to listen to you

Make instructions clear and without ambiguity

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ASD, AUTISM & ASPERGERS PRESENTATION INCLUDES

People with ASD have difficulty with sudden change and need routine

May have a skills deficit in developing and maintaining friendships and relationships even when they are highly intelligent

There is a difficulty within the condition in understanding peoples feelings, and may appear blunt or rude but don't mean to be

Sensory difficulties such as noise, light, touch and sound. May be over or under-sensitive

May have restricted and/or repetitive patterns of behaviour and also scripted speech

Flexible to new things and changes but notice is required to adjust

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SOME OF THE MANY STRENGTHS

OF ASD, AUTISM & ASPERGERS

Very honest and very rarely lie

Don't play head games and have no hidden agendas

Not tied to social expectations

Very reliable 

High levels of concentration

Many are detail conscious and have an excellent memory

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A FEW REASONABLE ADJUSTMENTS FOR PEOPLE WITH ASD, AUTISM & ASPERGERS

Clarify expectations on actions received and served

Actions need to be concise and specific

The ASD person needs a structured environment and routines

Adjustments should be made based on the persons sensitivity to stimuli. Ask them about the fabric on uniforms etc

Give the person extra time.

Don't get annoyed when the person appears rude or abrupt, they don't mean to be.