ASD, AUTISM & ASPERGERS OVERVIEW
Is a developmental condition and cannot be acquired
Not corollated to intelligence. Many very intelligent people have ASD
Autism and Aspergers are old diagnostic labels and from 2013 clinicians now diagnose ASD
1% of UK population of all ages whether diagnosed or not have ASD = 650K people in UK.
Both male and females have ASD in the same quantity and presentation
There is no cure but there are a number of treatments
Many successful people including Bill Gates, Mozart and Dan Ackroyd
Females are under-diagnosed.
WHAT TO CONSIDER WHEN COMMUNICATING WITH PEOPLE WITH ASD, AUTISM & ASPERGERS
The medium depends on the individual so ask them what they prefer
Some ASD people have a literal interpretation of what they say and hear
Avoid the use of idioms and metaphors if they interpret literally
Always clarify expectations
Use a persons name when you are talking so they know to listen to you
Make instructions clear and without ambiguity
ASD, AUTISM & ASPERGERS PRESENTATION INCLUDES
People with ASD have difficulty with sudden change and need routine
May have a skills deficit in developing and maintaining friendships and relationships even when they are highly intelligent
There is a difficulty within the condition in understanding peoples feelings, and may appear blunt or rude but don't mean to be
Sensory difficulties such as noise, light, touch and sound. May be over or under-sensitive
May have restricted and/or repetitive patterns of behaviour and also scripted speech
Flexible to new things and changes but notice is required to adjust
A FEW REASONABLE ADJUSTMENTS FOR PEOPLE WITH ASD, AUTISM & ASPERGERS
Clarify expectations on actions received and served
Actions need to be concise and specific
The ASD person needs a structured environment and routines
Adjustments should be made based on the persons sensitivity to stimuli. Ask them about the fabric on uniforms etc
Give the person extra time.
Don't get annoyed when the person appears rude or abrupt, they don't mean to be.